Environmental Awareness – 10 Interesting Facts about Fungi

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10 Interesting Facts about Fungi

No other organism in the world is both loved and hated so equally than the kingdom of fungi. Certain fungi can transform a bland dish into a tasty one, and certain others can kill you. They can cure diseases, but they can cause them too. We love to see them in our gardens and nature walks, but hate them when they grow on our skin and in the damp spaces of our home. Yes, fungi is truly misunderstood, nevertheless, as bad as they are, their good certainly outweighs it.

10 Interesting Facts about Fungi:

    1. Fungi are colonies of eukaryotic that includes yeasts, molds and mushrooms.
    2. Fungi are some of the best environmental stewards – they play a major part in the process of decompostion by breaking down cellulose compounds and other entities and releasing carbon, nitrogen and other nutrition. Without fungi, plant material and wood would never rot, and high amounts of carbon would be trapped which would limit further plant growth.
    3. There are over 75, 000 different species of fungi in the world.
    4. Red squirrels gather and store dried fungi in trees and then eat them in the winter.
    5. Fungi is used as a leavening agent in breads and they are instrumental components in the fermentation process in alcoholic beverages.
    6. Fungi largely makes up the antibiotic known as penicillin – while penicillin is effective had warding off bacteria, oftentimes it kills off too much, leaving the body vulnerable to other diseases.
    7. Fungi reproduce either sexually or asexually via spores.
    8. Although fungi resembles plant life, they are actually closely related to animals – their chitinous cell walls are the same that make up the shells of many different insects.
    9. Although largely associated with dampness, fungi can be found in every environmental condition on the earth’s surface.
    10. Some mushrooms can live dormantly for centuries in the right environment.